“After forty years of intensive research on school learning in the United States as well as abroad, my major conclusion is: What any person in the world can learn, almost all persons can learn if provided with appropriate prior and current conditions of learning.”
What is Bloom’s Taxonomy?
Bloom’s Taxonomy is a classification of different objectives and skills that educators set for their students (learning objectives).
Bloom’s taxonomy is a framework designed for educational achievement in which each level depends on the one below it. It’s often portrayed in the form of a pyramid.
In other words, Bloom’s Taxonomy is a hierarchical ordering of cognitive skills that can, among countless other applications, help teachers teach and pupils learn.
The Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, known as Bloom’s Taxonomy (Max Englehart, Edward Furst, Walter Hill, and David Krathwohl in 1956) is one of the most appreciated learning theories in the field of education. Educators often use Bloom’s Taxonomy to generate learning outcomes that target not only concerns related to the subject but also the profundity of learning the students must achieve, and to then formulate assessments that exactly report on learners’ progress towards these results.
Basic knowledge, the initial stage of learning, drives to the development of the skills and abilities that are crucial to achieving the pedagogical process: Comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. The idea is that students move up each level of the pyramid in Bloom’s taxonomy, starting from very basic learning to acquire profound knowledge on a subject, amidst each level essential to the advancement of the next.
Uses of Bloom’s Taxonomy
evaluate the complexity of tasks
draft curriculum outlines
develop online courses
plan project-based learning
The Three Domains of Learning
The committee identified the following three domains of educational activities or learning: * Cognitive: Mental skills (knowledge) * Affective: Enhancement in feelings or emotional aspects (attitude) * Psychomotor: Manual or physical skills (skills)
Designers, trainers, and educators often refer to them as KSA (Knowledge [cognitive], Skills [psychomotor], and Attitudes [affective]). This taxonomy of learning styles may be regarded as “the goals of the learning process.” After a learning experience, the learner should possess a new skill, knowledge, and/or attitude.
The Cognitive Domain in Bloom’s taxonomy
Knowledge and development of intellectual skills are at the core of the cognitive domain of Bloom’s taxonomy, whereby a student can recognize facts, patterns, and concepts that will benefit for profound learning. The six key phases of Bloom’s taxonomy are:
Knowledge involves the recall of methods and processes, or the recall of a pattern, structure, or framework.
Comprehension refers to a type of understanding in which an individual understands what is being communicated and can use them by perceiving its entire implications.
Application refers to the use of ideas in circumstantial and concrete circumstances.
Analysis represents the categorization of communication into its integral elements such that the corresponding hierarchy of ideas is clear and/or the relations between ideas expressed are made explicit.
Synthesis means collecting all the elements and parts.
Evaluation induces judgments regarding the value of material and methods.